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Sport For All

03 Kasm 2010 aramba : 12:32

The Council of Europe was the first international organisation to take an interest in sport and has been helping for more than 30 years to build an ethical framework for sports activities.

The Council of Europe was the first international organisation to take an interest in sport and has been helping for more than 30 years to build an ethical framework for sports activities. Whether on doping, fair play in sport or action against violence at sports events, the Councils pioneering work and humanist approach has brought it international recognition as a leading expert in framing a democratic approach to sport, geared to respect for human rights and covering the full range of sport from top-level to amateur.

The starting point for the Council of Europes concern with sport was culture. The Council for Cultural Co-operation (CCC) was set up in 1962 under the 1954 European Cultural Convention, and its Committee for Out-of-School Education had three sections, one of which dealt with sport.

The sections aims were very modest: it was simply a discussion forum for experts and policy-makers in charge of sport. Our discussions were very theoretical and had no practical impact, admits Armand Lams, a Belgian appointed to head the sports section in 1964.

But the discussions were fruitful, since they gradually shaped a common European view of sport. After six years of thought and discussion, a basic text revolving around the idea of the right to sport for all was adopted in Bruges on 17 January 1968.

The idea was to put into practice an approach to sport that went well beyond the Olympic games, media-oriented sport and high-level competition, at a time when the prevailing trends were industrial and office work, urban growth and the rise of the consumer society.

Without turning its back on high-level sport or competition, the Bruges meeting laid the foundations for a democratic conception of modern sports activities.

The participants concluded that sport must be understood in the modern sense, as a free and spontaneous physical activity practised in leisure time for the purposes of recreation and relaxation; sport in this sense covers sports as such and a variety of physical activities, provided that they call for a degree of effort.

This definition was designed as criticism of the politically motivated high-level regimenting, but it also aimed to promote the right of people of all ages, both sexes and all social groups to suitable sports activities.

The outcome of the Bruges meeting, seven years later, was the cornerstone of the Council of Europes sports policy, the European Sports Charter adopted in Brussels on 20 March 1975 by the 1st Conference of European Ministers responsible for Sport.

This basic text marked the start of the Council of Europes pioneering role in sport, which has since made it a driving force in the discussion of sports issues in Europe.

While the European Union, limited by its treaties, still approaches sport only from the admittedly important standpoint of economics, the Council of Europe takes a broader view, covering the right to sport for all, anti-doping policies, fair play in sport, action against violence at sports events and the design of sports grounds.


The International Olympic Committee (IOC) set up a Sport for All Working Group in 1983 prompted by the booming health and fitness trend. The group was to establish how the Olympic Movement could help and promote such activities.

The continued development of the health and fitness/sport for all trend, which boomed in the 1980s, prompted the IOC President to set up an official IOC Sport for All Commission. The most important aim of the Commission is to encourage the practice of Sport for All, particularly in the developing world, via International Sports Federations (IFs), National Olympic Committees (NOCs), and national sports organisations.

The Commission, applying the Fundamental Principles and Rules of the Olympic Charter, will encourage and support the efforts and development of other organisations already involved in Sport for All, thereby further disseminating the health and social benefits to be gained by all members of society through regular physical activity.



What does NOC*NSF General Sports do?

NOC*NSF Sport for all looks after the interests of sport for all in the Netherlands. In doing so, it wants to see all residents of the Netherlands actively taking part in sports activities - through the strength of organized sport and by working with national, regional and local partners. Sports federations and clubs also play major roles. Sports clubs are at the center of society, forming the very heart of organized sport. NOC*NSF Sport for all helps sports clubs and associations to continue fulfilling their vital roles in society.


Our Mission

NOC*NSF General Sports furthers the active participation of all residents of the Netherlands in sports, through the strength of organized sport.

The Aspirations of NOC*NSF Sport for all

In the coming years NOC*NSF Sport for all will concentrate on strengthening organized sport in the Netherlands. The organization has therefore formulated four aspirations: modern, strong sports federations and clubs, broadening the supply of sports activities and maximum support within organized sport.

1. Strengthening Sports Clubs

Sports clubs are the main foundation of sport for all policy. The main obstacles mentioned by sports clubs are a shortage of personnel, drops in membership, revenues and accommodations. They are also the focal points of for strengthening the clubs.

In this regard, improving the existing situation is often a starting point. Less frequently, efforts are made to make fundamental changes to sports clubs. For most sports clubs, current methods of supporting clubs are outstanding - especially for the larger group of small clubs, which have strong member-to-member cultures, the current situation could be improved with relatively minor interventions. Attention will also be given to this in the coming years. Fundamental changes entail such things as professional management, sport-related staff, administrative organizational and sport-related collaboration with other sports clubs and working with other social organizations such as schools, etc. NOC*NSF would like to take initiatives so that, in the future, a substantial number of clubs could work in this way. To achieve this, it will be necessary to work with partners such as sports federations, provincial sports councils and the NKS.

2. Modern, Strong Sports Federations

The environment in which sports federations operate has changed dramatically in recent decades. The perception of sport in the Netherlands is changing appreciably. The government and the sport sector are placing higher demands on sports federations - such as made-to-measure products and services, flexibility, a market-orientated attitude and co-operation with other relevant organizations and other social sectors.

In recent years sports federations have invested in compliance with changing demands. Depending on the federation, this has been more or less successful. In general, sports federations are capable of developing innovative policies. However, implementing them and reaching targeted results has not been easy. NOC*NSF would like to map out the core tasks of a modern sports federation and how such tasks could be implemented in a qualitatively proper manner. Feasibility is an essential criterion in doing so. For its part, NOC*NSF's extensive collaboration with others, particularly smaller federations, provides a major opportunity to modernize and strengthen operational management. This will leave more time to work on developing the core task of sport.

Based on an outline of core tasks, NOC*NSF Sport for all intends to step up support for sports federations. With each federation, NOC*NSF will determine which actions would be most desirable during the coming period. A plan will be drawn up for this purpose and implemented with the federation concerned.

3.Broadening and Strengthening Supply (of sports acticities)

The wishes, needs and opportunities of athletes and potential athletes continue to change. For the most part, the supply of sports offered by sports federations and clubs is still based on traditional demand. Modernizing and broadening the supply of sports activities offers new opportunities for linking athletes and potential athletes. This is true for both sports clubs and federations. For sports clubs, for example, this entails offering sports activities during the day - with or without collaboration with schools or welfare organizations - but also childcare and homework coaching. For sports federations, for example, it involves individual memberships and alternative types of competition. With economic prosperity, athletes and potential athletes are prepared to pay for quality (sports) activities.

In the coming years, NOC*NSF Sport for all will invest in collaboration with sports federations in modernizing and broadening the supply of sports activities. NOC*NSF will play an initiating, innovating and facilitating role and will help federations to develop a wider range of activities or help clubs create more inspirational prospects.

4. Maximum Support

The first three aspirations directly target the basis of organized sport. The fourth does so indirectly. In the Netherlands there are many supporting organizations within and outside of organized sport that are favorably disposed towards sports clubs. For example, there are the federations, ideological umbrella organizations, provincial sports councils, municipalities, educational institutions, NISB and government ministries. All these organizations are prepared to invest in organized sport, by supporting clubs and sports federations and by training sport-related staff.

The organization of this support needs improvement. In the coming years much will be needed to bring about maximum support of sports clubs, along with an effective and efficient training structure for staff. In the near term there will also be discussions about maximum support for sports federations.

As in interested party, NOC*NSF will invest in organized sport in the coming years, in order to optimize both types of support - for clubs and federations, in close co-operation with relevant organizations.





Is Sport For All a physical education program, an organized sport program, a recreational program, or a fitness program?

Sport for all is a recreational program that complements physical education and helps prepare children to participate in organized sport programs. It is designed for implementation by volunteers, parents, paraprofessionals, college students, and others who may not have a teaching or coaching background. Sport For All is ideally suited for before- and after-school programs, preschools, school intramural programs, daycare, summer camp programs, community youth programs, and other recreational programs. While it is not a fitness program, fitness activities are incorporated throughout.

If Sport For All is a recreational program, what makes it different than just fun and games?

First, the complete Sport For All program includes Program Leader training by experts. All Sport For All Instructors have a background in physical education or a related field, and they are trained and certified by NASPE. They will teach your leaders to deliver the program effectively and safely. This helps ensure that your program leaders use proper methods, and that they focus on fun, safety and success in healthy physical activity for all children. They are not just supervising free play, as is the case with many programs without trained staff.

Second, the Sport For All activities have been carefully designed to provide not only fun but also the opportunity for skill development and developmentally appropriate physical activity. Many recreational program activities may do more harm than good. For example, dodge ball may teach children to be afraid of the ball. This is not good preparation for playing sports like volleyball or basketball. The Sport For All activities help children learn those basic skills that will help them be successful in sports, plus they help children learn that physical activity can be fun (and healthy)!

Third, the equipment is developmentally appropriate. There is nothing more frustrating for children than trying to learn skills by using adult equipment that is too heavy or hard.

Finally, the full-color, illustrated activity cards are easy for Program Leaders to understand and use.

How was Sport For All developed?

The Sport For All program was created through a partnership of the National Association for Sport and Physical Education (NASPE), Sportime, and Human Kinetics. This partnership is the result of yet another partnershipone with international origins. In early 1999, Human Kinetics and the Youth Sport Trust (YST), based at Loughborough University in England, entered an agreement to jointly develop and administer TOPS, a physical activity program for children and youths in the United Kingdom. The YST-HK partnership included HK's acquisition of the rights to customize the TOPS program for the United States; the result of that agreement is the development of Sport For All by HK and its newest partners, NASPE and Sportime.

In addition, before joining Sportime and Human Kinetics to create Sport For All, NASPE, the major physical education organization in the United States, had piloted a project called "Youth In Action," which had a very similar approach to the TOPS program. The activities found in the Sport For All modules are a result of the selection of the very best activities from the Youth In Action program and the TOPS program, plus additional activities provided by the NASPE consultants: Marybell Avery (SportFun), Dee Ebersole (SportPlay), and Bunny Lancaster (SportSkill Basic). All the activities have been reviewed by the consultants and adapted to ensure developmental appropriateness and adherence to NASPE standards and guidelines.


 Why should I choose Sport For All as my physical activity program?

Implementing Sport For All as part of your quality childrens programming, will:

         Enhance your learning environment.

         Assure quality, credibility, safety and success for your physical activity program.

         Provide the activity time needed by children in your community to combat increasing obesity and low fitness levels.

What is the typical length of a Sport For All activity session?

The Sport For All program is designed to be very flexible. It can be used in activity periods that are any length. There are tips on each card for extending the activity or for making the activity easier or harder. Help in developing a program schedule, whatever the length of your program, is included in the Program Leader workshops.

What types of skills will the children learn?

Ball handling, bouncing, dribbling, catching, throwing, striking and kicking are some of the motor skills which children will practice. Fair play, teamwork and respect are emphasized too.

What is the benefit of hosting or attending a Sport For All workshop?

The Sport For All Program Leader workshop will train your staff to lead with confidence and enthusiasm. The programs design allows it to be easily implemented by childrens programming leaders with and without a physical activity background. Visit the Workshops page for more information on workshop content and pricing. (NICOLE: please provide link to workshops page)

How can I secure funding to implement Sport For All?

While recognizing that budgets can be tight for training, equipment and resources, Sport for All is a very valuable program that will greatly benefit the health of children. There are many options for funding Sport For All outside a programs regular budget. Click here for funding tips and background information to use when seeking funding.

How can I order the activity cards and equipment?

SportFun, SportPlay and SportSkill Basic activity cards are available through Human Kinetics at Sport For All equipment packages are available through Sportime at For more information on the cards and equipment, visit the Resources page.


Democracy Through and in Sport, Social ntegration and Personal Development

The adoption in 1975 of the Sport for All Charter transformed the European sports landscape and helped to democratise sport on an unprecedented scale. Over twenty years later, the Council of Europe faces the challenge of repeating this success and encouraging similar developments in its new member countries, for instance by promoting voluntary activities.

Since 1992, the work of the Committee for the Development of Sport (CDDS) has been guided by the European Sports Charter (an update of the 1975 Charter), backed up by the Code of Sports Ethics. It aims to make ethical, safe and healthy sport accessible to everybody through the widest possible co-operation and the appropriate distribution of responsibilities between governmental and non-governmental organisations.

To follow up the European Sports Charter and the Code of Sports Ethics and promote the widespread enjoyment of safe and ethical physical activities, supported by public authorities and the voluntary sports movement. For the period 1997-2000, three elements have been given priority: "Sport and the Law", "Sport as a democratic movement" and "Sport and social cohesion". Legal questions are assuming increasing importance in sports policies and need to be addressed systematically. Furthermore, whilst the policies and systems for developing high-level sport are now well established, similar provisions for popular sport need particular attention and review. Gender equality questions in sport are also a permanent topic.

The first objective is to promote the development of sport as a democratic movement by more generalised sports participation and sports involvement amongst all groups and ages, for social and health benefits. The voluntary sports movement should be encouraged to fulfil its role in society. Timely studies of the problems in the field of sport and the law, also in connection with the work of the Anti-Doping Convention are to be made.


As all children have Physical Education as a compulsory subject at school, it is a vital part of the child's learning process and also the way that many children are introduced to sport and games and other physical activities. Not surprising therefore that the Conference of European Ministers responsible for Sport and the Committee for the Development of Sport (CDDS) have been permanently interested in this topic and desirous of taking steps to improve the opportunities for Physical Education and the quality of the teaching and experiences dispensed during the classes. This includes the opportunities for children with disabilities to have equal chances during their school time.

At the 16th Informal Meeting of Sports Ministers at Warsaw in September 2002, on the basis of a European survey commissioned by the CDDS, there was a intensive and in-depth discussion of measures that could be taken at European level, as well as national steps, to achieve the goals of improving the opportunities and the quality of Physical Education experiences. These measures resulted in the adoption by the Committee of Ministers of the Recommendation Rec(2003)6.

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